BOTANY CLASS (FLOWER)🧠👨‍🏫 / CLASE DE BOTANICA (FLOR)🌻🌼

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    oscurity

    Published on Dec 04, 2021
    About :
    What I love about Biology is that not a single day goes by without me coming across something new, it is definitely not a monotonous profession, today while I was walking I collected several flowers and made a video explaining each part and what they are for, but not only We will explain each organ if not we will also open some and see their ovules and their male gamete or pollen! To close this colorful post we are going to analyze a very strange flower that inspired Darwin to postulate his theory of adaptation and theory of natural selection! so make yourself comfortable and enjoy my video and content!🌷🌼👨‍💻

    Lo que me encanta de la Biologia es que no pase un solo dia sin que me tope con algo nuevo, definitivamente no es una profesion monotona, hoy mientras caminaba recolecte varias flores y realice un video explicando cada parte y para que sirven, pero no solo explicaremos cada organo si no tambien vamos abrir algunas y ver sus ovulos y su gameto masculino o polen! para cerrar este colorido post vamos analizar una flor muy extraña que inspiraron a Darwin para postular su teoria de adaptacion y teoria de seleccion natural! asi que ponte comodo y disfruta de mi video y contenido!👨‍🎓👨‍🏫

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    When Darwin made his travels looking for physical evidence that would demonstrate his great theory of natural selection, he came across flowers that had very strange appearances, and that had a design very different from any garden flower, he had an intuition that animals adapted to their needs. natural environments and not the environment of the animals, so a species of insect that reached a space where the flowers had a long (ovular duct) said insects had to adapt and lengthen their proboscis to reach the nectar and feed, and the at the same time, the flower was able to attract pollen grains.👨‍🏫👨‍🎓
    Cuando Darwin realizaba sus viajes buscando evidencia fisica que demostrata su gran teoria de selccion natural se topo con flores que tenian aspectos muy extrañas, y que tenian un diseño muy diferentes a cualquier flor de jardin, el tenia una intuicion que los animales se adaptaban a sus entornos naturales y no el entorno a los animales, por lo que una especie de insecto que llegaba a un espacio donde las flores tenian un (conducto ovular) largo dichos insectos tenian que adaptarse y alargar sus proboscides para llegar al nectar y alimentarse, y al mismo tiempo la flor lograba atraer los granos de polen.👨‍💻👩‍💻

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    AN ADAPTIVE FLOWER STRATEGY👨‍🏫/UNA ESTRATEGIA DE ADAPTACION DE LA FLOR🌼🧠

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    In reality, flowers have a great capacity for adaptation to be pollinated by many arthropods, then there are other flowers that are more specific to be pollinated by more specific organisms since they evolved in their anatomy to achieve the nectar of the flower, for For example, we see that when a hummingbird with a very long tongue reaches the bottom of a flower that has a very long ovular extension. The color of the flowers are the attraction of all insects, this is how they attract them to be fertilized!🤓😲
    En realidad las flores tienen una gran capacidad de adaptacion para poder ser polinizadas por muchos artropodos, luego hay otras flores que son mas especificas para ser polinizadas por organismos mas especificos ya que ellos evolucionaron en su anatomia para lograr llegar al nectar de la flor, por ejemplo vemos eso cuando un colibri con una lengua muy larga llega hasta el fondo de una flor que tienen una extension ovular muy larga. La coloracion de las flores son el atractivo de todos los insectos es asi como los atraen para ser fecundadas!‍💻🦋

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    Then I bumped into my walk while you collected the flowers with this big beautiful flower, with many colors! I thought wuow! This flower has a very advanced mechanism of attraction because from a few meters they can be visualized, but there is something interesting in this flower! where are your organs? because I only see petals? where are the stamens? the ovule? So I see in detail and there is a hole with some bristles, which I assumed that the insects entered this way, they passed through a conduit until they reached the reproductive organs! And I thought wuow that was how Darwin saw the adaptation since this hole does not fit any insects, only some small ones!🤔😮
    Luego me tope en mi caminata mientras recolectabas las flores con esta grande flor hermosa, con muchos colores! pense wuow! esta flor tienen un mecanismo de atraccion muy avanzada porque desde algunos metros pueden ser visualizados, pero hay algo interesante en esta flor!!! donde estan sus organos? porque solo veo petalos? donde estan los estambres? el ovulo? entonces veo con detalle y hay un orificio con unas cerdas, que supuse que por aqui entraban los insectos pasaban por un conducto hasta llegar a los organos reproductores! y pense wuow asi fue como Darwin vio la adaptacion ya que por este orificio no caben cualquier insectos, solo algunos de porte pequeño! 🤯🤯

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    WHY THIS DESIGN?👨‍🏫/POR QUE ESTE DISEÑO?🌼🧠

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    I thought later but why does the flower have this strange design? Why invite animals to enter your internal organs? Of course, after reviewing the scientific botanical bibliographies, I saw that with the "hairs" that are in the tube, they manage to capture all the pollen grains, being more efficient than a bee that arrives and leaves in 1 second ... Here the animal has to "earn your food" by going through the chute! it is a very good strategy because pollen is always collected!😶😶
    Pense luego pero porque la flor tiene este diseño tan extraño? porque invitar a los animales a entrar dentro de sus organos internos? claro luego de revisar la bibliografias cientificas de botanica vi que con los "pelos" que estan en el tubo logran capturar todos los granos de polen siendo mas eficiente que una abeja que llegue y se vaya en 1 segundo... Aqui el animal tiene que "ganarse su alimento" entrando por el conducto! es una estrategia muy buena porque el polen es siempre recolectado! 🧠🧠

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    If we read a little the common ancestor of flowers, the researchers affirm that it was small and had male and female organs, from here all the flowers that exist today on earth evolved, due to their size and appearance, although this design seems very old it's actually newer than you might think! The question is, how were the primitive flowers fertilized? where did they grow up? these questions are still a mystery in the botanical world!🌼🌷
    Si leemos un poco el ancestro comun de las flores los investigadores afirman que era pequeña y presentaba organos masculinos y femeninos, de aqui evolucionaron todas las flores que hoy en dia existen en la tierra, por el tamaño y el aspecto aunque este diseño parezca muy antiguo en realidad es mas nuevo de lo que se piensa! la pregunta es como eran fecundadas las flores primitivas? donde crecian? estas preguntas aun son un misterio en el mundo de la botanica!🌻💯

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    Well I needed to clarify my doubts and I could only do it by opening the structure of this large and beautiful flower, and immediately it all made sense, I could clearly see the male and female organ of the flower, only that unlike other flowers this is inside I could see clearly the pollen grains that were trapped in the hairs inside the structure, when the pollen enters the ovule, "fertilization" takes place and later the fruit grows from the flower!🤓🔬
    Bien necesitaba aclarar mis dudas y solo podria hacerlo abriendo la estructura de esta gran y bonita flor, e inmediatamente ya todo tenia sentido podia ver claramente el organo masculino y femenino de la flor solo que a diferencia de otras flores esta se encuentra dentro podia ver claramente los granos de polen que estaban atrapados en los pelos dentro de la estructura, cuando el polen entra en el ovulo se realiza la "fecundacion" y posteriormente de la flor crece el fruto!🧫🧫

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    We know that the flower is the sexual organ of the plants, within the flower there is a set of organs whose function is connected to achieve greater efficiency at the time of "fertilizing" the ovules, it seems that the flower has "ornaments" but it is not thus, everything is adaptation and each structure has a very important function! there are flowers that have aromas this is transformed into chemical stimuli that capture the attention of arthropods!🤔😮
    Sabemos que la flor es el organo sexual de las plantas, dentro de la flor existen un conjunto de organos cuya funcion esta conectada para lograr una mayor eficiencia al momento de "fecundar" los ovulos, parece que la flor tiene "adornos" pero no es asi, todo es adaptacion y cada estructura tiene una funcion muy importante! hay flores que tienen aromas esto se transforma en estimulos quimicos que captan la atencion de los artropodos!🤓🧐

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    After I make a vertical cut in the structure of the flower, here I have access to the pollen grains, we can see that insects have already passed through here and left the male gamete on many sides, probably a grain of pollen would reach the ovule and in a few months the fruit begins to grow! We can also see in the photo the efficiency of the bristles trapping pollen.😁😀
    Luego que realizo un corte vertical en la estructura de la flor aqui tengo acceso a los granos de polen, podemos ver que ya insectos pasaron por aqui y dejaron el gameto masculino por muchos lados, probablemente un grano de polen llegaria al ovulo y en unos meses comienza crecer el fruto! podemos ver tambien en la foto la eficiencia de las cerdas atrapando el polen.😮😮

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    It is beautiful to see the details of a pollen grain, something that is very small, in fact pollen is more complex than we think the famous male gamete has a set of tissues inside that perform essential functions for the fertilization of the ovum, inside we can see : generative cell, exin, generative nucleus, opening, intina all this is inside a grain of pollen!🤩🤩
    Es hermoso ver los detalles un grano de polen, algo que es muy pequeño, en realidad el polen es mas complejo de lo que pensamos el famoso gameto masculino tiene un conjunto de tejidos dentro que realizan funciones indispensable para la fecundacion del ovulo, dentro podemos ver: celula generativa, exina, nucleo generativo, apertura, intina todo esto esta dentro de un grano de polen😁🙂!

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    EXAMINING THE OVULES👨‍🏫/EXAMINANDO LOS OVULOS🌼🧠

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    I invite you to search the internet for details and microscopic photos of the ovule of a flower and you will hardly get first it is difficult to obtain them and second there are few botanical studies on the female organ of the flower, but with a stroke of luck and a good cut I managed to photograph an egg with all its details!😁
    Te invito a buscar en internet detalles y fotos microscopicas del ovulo de una flor y dificilmente vas a conseguir primero es dificil obtenerlas y segundo hay pocos estudios botanicos sobre el organo femenino de la flor, pero con un golpe de suerte y un buen corte logre fotografiar un ovulo con todos sus detalles!🌼🤓

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    Well the ovule is the female gamete of the flower, when it is fertilized by the male gamete or pollen then a set of biological processes occurs that will give rise to the fruit that is the "ripened flower" or fertilized of the plant, of the fruit there is a seed that will give rise to a plant and thus begins the plant cycle!🧫🧫
    Bien el ovulo es el gameto femenino de la flor, cuando es fecundado por el gameto masculino o polen entonces se produce un conjunto de procesos biologicos que daran origen al fruto que es la "flor madurada" o fecundada de la planta, de la fruta hay una semilla que dara origen a una planta y asi comienza el ciclo vegetal🔬🔬!

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    Like pollen, the ovule is very complex and also has a set of integuments or layers that perform a set of different functions, there is an outer layer that protects the ovule from external agents that can damage it, then inside substances that keep it alive since it consumes itself! and finally the area where the ovum is fertilized!🤔🧐
    al igual que el polen el ovulo es muy complejo y tambien tiene un conjunto de tegumentos o capas que realizan un conjunto de funciones diferentes, hay una capa externa que protege al ovulo de agentes externos que lo puedan dañar, luego dentro sustancias que lo mantienen vivo ya que se consume asi mismo! y por ultimo la zona donde el ovulo es fecundado!🤓🧠

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