Federal Legislative Palace I / Palacio Federal Legislativo I

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    iscrak

    Published on Mar 29, 2022
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    Federal Legislative Palace I
    The Federal Legislative Palace of Venezuela, also called the Capitol, is located to the southwest of Plaza Bolívar and was built in 1872 by order of the then President Antonino Guzmán Blanco, the work being carried out by the engineer and architect Luciano Urdaneta. In 1873, the southern part was inaugurated, which housed the rooms where the legislative sessions were held, while in 1877 the so-called Elliptical Hall was inaugurated, with both sectors connected by two bodies that flow into a huge central courtyard.
    Currently, the National Assembly of Venezuela operates from there, where the ordinary and extraordinary sessions of the unicameral body are held. Before the political transformations that occurred as of 1999, it was the seat of the former bicameral National Congress (Senate and Chamber of Deputies).

    Elliptical Hall
    The main facade of the Elliptical Hall is adorned by two figures representing justice and freedom. Both were made by the artist Eloy Palacios. The Hall has three divisions separated by two large arches. The halls are named after the national colors; thus, the western section was called the Yellow Room, in the center the Blue Room and the Red Room the one to the east.

    This is the most important Hall of the Capitol since it keeps innumerable historical treasures such as the ark that contains the Book of Minutes of the First National Congress of Venezuela. There you can see the Act of Declaration of Independence, signed on July 5, 1811. In addition, you can see the imposing oval dome 26 meters high and 13 meters wide bathed in gold that crowns the roof of such an important structure. Said dome was originally imported from Belgium and assembled in 1890, which was recently replaced by an anodized aluminum one. At the top is the National Flag

    The government of General Juan Vicente Gómez was in charge of issuing a decree on January 1, 1910, in which it was ordered to deposit in a special chest, installed in the Elliptical Hall of the Federal Palace, the original of the Book that contains the Solemn Act of Independence discovered in 1907 in Valencia and accepted as such by the National Academy of the History of Venezuela.

    In 2017, the National Constituent Assembly was installed in this room, a body made up of 545 deputies whose purpose was to pacify the country through the use of the original powers and with which the legitimacy of the public powers of the Republic was restored.

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    Palacio Federal Legislativo I
    El Palacio Federal Legislativo de Venezuela, también denominado Capitolio, se encuentra ubicado al suroeste de la Plaza Bolívar y fue edificado en el año 1872 por disposición del por entonces Presidente Antonino Guzmán Blanco, encontrándose la obra a cargo del ingeniero y arquitecto Luciano Urdaneta. En el año 1873 se inauguró la parte sur que albergaba las salas donde se llevaban a cabo las sesiones legislativas, en tanto que en 1877 se inauguró el denominado Salón Elíptico, encontrándose ambos sectores conectados mediante dos cuerpos que desembocan en un enorme patio central.
    Actualmente desde allí funciona la Asamblea Nacional de Venezuela, donde se realizan las sesiones ordinarias y extraordinarias del órgano unicameral. Antes de las transformaciones políticas ocurridas a partir de 1999 era la sede del antiguo Congreso Nacional bicameral (Senado y Cámara de Diputados).

    Salón Elíptico
    La fachada principal del Salón Elíptico está adornado por dos figuras que representan la justicia y la libertad. Ambas fueron elaboradas por el artista Eloy Palacios. El Salón presenta tres divisiones separados por dos grandes arcos. Los salones llevan los nombres de los colores nacionales; así la sección del oeste se denominó Salón Amarillo, en el centro Salón Azul y Salón Rojo el del este.

    Este es el Salón más importante del Capitolio ya que guarda innumerables tesoros históricos como el arca que contiene el Libro de Actas del Primer Congreso Nacional de Venezuela. Allí se aprecia el Acta de Declaración de la Independencia, firmada el 5 de julio de 1811. Además, se aprecia la imponente cúpula oval de 26 metros de alto y 13 de ancho bañada en oro que corona el techo de tan importante estructura. Dicha cúpula fue originalmente importada de Bélgica y montada en 1890, que fue sustituida recientemente por una de aluminio anodizado. En la cúspide se encuentra la Bandera Nacional

    El gobierno del general Juan Vicente Gómez fue el encargado de emitir un decreto el 1 de enero de 1910, en el cual se ordenaba a depositar en un arca especial, instalada en el Salón Elíptico del Palacio Federal, el original del Libro que contiene Acta Solemne de Independencia descubierta en 1907 en Valencia y aceptada como tal por la Academia Nacional de la Historia de Venezuela.

    En el año 2017 en este salón se instaló la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, un cuerpo conformado por 545 diputados cuyo propósito era pacificar el país mediante el uso de los poderes originarios y con lo cual se restableció la legitimidad de los poderes públicos de la República.

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